Arabian horse: breed description
Horses of the Arab thoroughbred breed belong to the ancient breed of riding horses bred in the 4-6 centuries on the Arabian Peninsula.
Pictured: Arabian horse in the desert
Arabian Horse Breed History
The appearance and "technical characteristics" of the Arabian horses were shaped by the features of their use. The Bedouin Arabs used Arabian horses as military in deserts and semi-deserts, while perfectly looked after them. As a result, medium-sized, but at the same time fairly tightly knocked down horses appeared, very frisky and hardy, with excellent movements.
For a long time, Arabian horses were forbidden to sell to other countries.
Arabian horses were not crossed with other breeds, which allowed them to develop clean.
The Arabs did not keep written genealogies, but they knew the origin of the horses by heart. The breed was conducted along the female line - it was believed that the mare that carries the foal gives him more qualities than the stallion.
For the first time, Europeans got to know the Arabian horses in the Crusades. Since then, "living trophies" began to arrive in Europe. And thanks to agility and endurance, Arabian horses played a huge role in horse breeding.
Arabian horses "participated" in the breeding of the famous horse breeds: Andalusian, Lusitano, Barbary, Lippician, Orlov trotter, Russian riding, Terek. But the main breed bred on the basis of Arabian horses was the thoroughbred (or English) horse - the most frisky breed of horses.
In Poland, Arabian horses were very popular. The princes Sangushko founded the first stud farm on the territory of modern Poland, where Arab thoroughbred horses were bred. From 1816 to 1842, the princes organized expeditions to Syria and Arabia to deliver magnificent new horses, which became the basis of breeding throughout Europe.
Co-owner of the first Arabian horse breeding factory in England was Baroness Wentworth, an artist, musician and writer known as Lady Anne Blunt, the granddaughter of Lord Byron.
Arab horses of all 4 types were bred in the USSR. Moreover, they enjoyed well-deserved success. For example, the Pesnyar bay stallion was sold in the United States for $ 1,000,000. And another stallion - Menes - was leased to the United States for an even more impressive amount - $ 2,400,000. The emperor, the son of Menes, won the title of World Champion.
Nowadays, Arabian horses are quite widespread throughout the world. To coordinate breeding with the breed, 60 countries teamed up to create the World Organization of Arabian Horse Breeding.
Description of arab horse
Many people think that the “Arabian horses” are large, tall horses. This is not true. Arabian horses are quite miniature.
Average measurements of the Arabian horses
Growth at the withers
The weight of adult Arabian horses is up to 450 kg.
Characteristic features of Arabian horses
- Addition is dry, dense, correct.
- The head is beautiful, with a slightly concave nose bridge, forming the so-called "pike profile".
The so-called "pike profile" is a characteristic feature of the Arabian horse.
- The eyes are big.
- The neck is long, curved.
- The body is rounded.
- The croup is long, straight.
- The tail is set high, rises high when moving, so it is called "cock."
Another feature of the Arabian horse is the "cock" tail.
Basic suits of Arabian horses
The main colors of the Arabian horses: gray of various shades, red, bay, less often - black. Piebald type "sabino" is traditionally registered as a "roan". Silver-bay color is rare.
Three families of Arabian horses are known: kadishi, ateshi and considered to be the best kohlani.
On the exterior, Arabian horses are divided into 4 types
- Coheilan is a massive, broad-chested, hardy horse, an excellent steed of a bay or red suit.
- Siglavi is an elegant low horse, lighter and less frisky, of gray color.
- Hadban is the largest type; it is frisky and hardy horses of bay or red (less often gray) color.
- Kokheilan-siglavi is a mixed-type horse combining dry, elegant forms of siglavi and massive coheilan. These are higher, workable horses of bay, red or gray color.
Arabian horses are distinguished by their magnificent character, complaisant and friendly.
Using arabian horses
Thanks to agility and endurance, Arabian horses are used mainly in horse racing and racing.
They also mastered the "profession" of amateur riding and sports horses.
In addition, they are still used to improve other breeds.
Pictured: Arabian horse
Famous arabian horses
Arabian horses in painting
The British loved to depict Arab horses on their canvases: Sir Edwin Landsir, Juliusz Kossak, George Stubbs.
In the photo: Arabian horses in a picture of Sir Edwin Landsir
Among French artists, admirers of Arabian horses were Eugene Delacroix, Pierre-Alfred Dedreux, Henri-Emile Russo, Jean-Leon Gerome.
The beauty of these horses did not leave indifferent the German animalist Adolf Schreyer and the American artist Frederic Arthur Bridgman.
Arabian horses in the cinema
The protagonist of the film "Hidalgo: Desert Chase" is a mustang, but all his rivals are Arabian horses. And he has to fight with them for the title of the fastest and hardiest horse.
Poster for the film "Hidalgo: Desert Chase"
The Arabian horse Mysore played a role in the film “Do not be afraid, I'm with you. 1919. "
Arabian horse artists
Marchib's Arabian horse discovered artistic abilities. Holding a brush in her teeth, she paints a picture. And in a year she created about 30 works.
Arabian horses - the ancestors of breeds
The stallion Smetanka, owned by Count Orlov, became the ancestor of the Oryol trotters.
The snow-white Arabian stallion Shagiya laid the foundation for the horse breed of the same name.
The dark-bay stallion Sham (Godolfin Arabian) appears in the pedigrees of the ancestors of the English thoroughbred riding horses, Matchem and Eclipse, to whom the majority of the race winners in the world go back.
In the photo: Arabian stallion Godolfin Arabian (Sham)
Famous Arabian Horse Owners
Marshal Zhukov took in 1945. The victory parade on his favorite - the Arabian stallion Kazbek.
Napoleon's favorite horse was a miniature (only 145 cm high) Marengo. He received the nickname in 1880 after the battle, where he distinguished himself with courage. Marengo took part in the battle of Austerlitz, at Jena, at Wagram and at Waterloo, and was wounded 8 times.
In the photo: Portrait of Marengo - the Arabian horse of Napoleon