All about professional grooming. Read on wikiet!
The concept of grooming itself is very everyday and we all commit it regularly, without suspecting such a term. Even going to the hairdresser is also grooming.
In general, grooming is a set of measures for cleaning the wool of one animal with another animal. For example, a person washes a dog, cuts its nails, a cat licks its kittens, one monkey cleans the coat of another. Grooming is most pronounced among primates - monkeys are most sensitive to the coat, cleaning sticks, twigs, bugs, removing ticks.
Any pet is subject to grooming. The type of animal and its size are not important here (be it cleaning the tortoise shell or washing the horse). What we do at home is called pet grooming.
What is professional grooming and how does it differ from what we do at home?
Most often, the services of professional groomers are addressed due to the specifics of certain breeds and the associated difficulties in care. Wash hair, comb out, brush eyes, cut off excess hair, brush ears, tidy claws and appearance of animal. This is the same pet grooming, only done in the cabin or by a specially trained person, to make life easier for both the animal and its owner.
What is show grooming
There are two types of grooming shows:
The concept of compulsory grooming involves preparing the appearance of a dog (exterior) to breed standards. Most often, this is the FCI standard, when it comes to Eurasia. For example, if the breed standard states that the dog should have a rounded head (using the example of the Bichon Frize), then the dog should be prepared this way for the show. After all, the Bichon’s hair itself does not lie this way, so before going to the ring, the dog must be groomed in this way.
Therefore, compulsory grooming is the grooming that is prescribed in breed standards. And only in this way can a grounded dog enter the ring for examination.
Hidden grooming, the second type of show grooming, is undesirable. But the show itself is a show, and your task is to prepare for the show so that your dog is close to ideal. And even if such training involves hidden grooming, then you have every right to use it. Another question, if you are disqualified for this, the expert will calculate your cunning and drive you out of the ring, but here the complaints should not be with the judge or the dog, but with the groomer who prepared your pet. After all, hidden grooming is hidden, so that no one would distinguish it.
Hidden grooming is used not only for those breeds that should be groomed for the exhibition, but also for those breeds in the standard which generally state that they cannot be cut. For example, in Caucasians this is very common. Thus, a competent groomer can slightly emphasize the necessary angles, muscles, shoulders, form the correct silhouette.
In addition, smooth-haired dogs are also subject to hidden grooming: they shear bull terriers and even beagles, again to create bumps and emphasize lines and angles, highlight hock joints, remove excess hair sticks. Also, tinting of wool, some pressure sores, spots, etc. is considered undesirable. However, if you come to any exhibition, you will see a picture opposite to the prescribed rules.
The common task of all professional grooming, both hidden and show, is to create the perfect dog. The way we achieve this is already our problem. And talking about whether grooming is needed for an exhibition or not is very difficult, since, again, any exhibition is a show and the dog must be prepared for it.
If you are strictly against hidden tricks and for honesty, then you still have the minimum grooming necessary for the ring.The requirements for the show dog include: cleanly washed hair, trimmed nails, brushed ears and teeth so that the expert, opening the dog’s mouth to check the bite, is not horrified by the picture. And although the breed standard does not stipulate that the dog does not have the right to enter the ring with plaque or tartar, this is already a banal respect for the expert. And, of course, a small plus in the assessment of both the owner and the dog.
Show Grooming for Shorthair dogs
The coat should be cleaned, the dog should not be dusty, with clean ears and teeth. If the dog is dirty, not prepared, you will be reduced in the ring score.
For smooth-haired breeds apply light grooming with scissors and a machine. Curving the neck, cheekbones, chest, hind limbs, cut the hock joints, to highlight and give them volume. In grooming of smooth-haired breeds there are much fewer possibilities, since it is impossible to hide the general structure of the dog from the expert.
Show grooming of gestures (wire-dog breeds)
Grooming for breeds of dogs with hard hair is considered the most difficult. Even pet-grooming of gestures is done by units, not to mention professional preparation for the show.
In 90% of cases, professional groomers prepare dogs with the help of constant rolling (this is pinching the hair) of certain areas of the animal’s body. And this is done not before the show, but regularly, every month throughout the life of the animal. This creates the correct, pedigree drawing of the anatomy.
If the dog is neglected and has not been subjected to proper grooming for a long time, then complete trimming is carried out, up to exposing the skin. Again, after complete trimming, the dog cannot be exposed immediately, it needs time to restore the coat, and the groomer for further training already by rolling. This process takes several months, depending on the physiological characteristics of the dog.
Show grooming of long-haired dogs
Longhaired include maltese, york, shih tzu, etc. For groomers, dogs with long hair are much easier to prepare than gestures. Wool is thoroughly washed and packaged in special wax paper, which is then removed, the wool is moisturized again, oiled, packaged again. That is, the dog does not run around the house and does not fulfill the role of a panicle, and the wool is always neatly packed in papillots (bags).
Unpack papillots with wool immediately before entering the ring, straighten them, create a piping straight on the spot with tongs (or prepare a piping at home in advance) and knit a so-called “top note” or, in simple language, a bow (for small long-haired breeds). Placing a bow on the head opens the dog's eyes, which facilitates the examination of the dog.
Show grooming half-long-haired dogs
Collies, Caucasians, Pyrenees shepherds and other dog breeds in which the coat does not reach the floor. They are washed, combed, plucked. Grooming in such breeds is often aimed at creating volume in thin dogs, or vice versa, removing excessively sticking out hair for full ones. Only a truly professional groomer can “cut” his shoulder, back corners, etc. And, of course, only a real competent expert can notice all this. Usually for such breeds, pure and slightly profiled wool is quite enough.
American and European grooming
European grooming is what you see regularly, from exhibition to exhibition. American is not like any grooming. It is insanely spectacular and very complex.
For example, in Golden Retriever in America, the wool actually reaches the floor, almost like in York. It is clear that there are vitamins and selection, but the main role is played by special care. Unfortunately, in our rings such grooming is considered unacceptable. And if somewhere in a small exhibition you impress an expert, then on a CACIB such a dog may face disqualification.