Spastic colic in horses. Intestinal enteralgia in horses
Intestinal enteralgia in horses - This is a disease characterized by acute catarrh of the intestine and periodic colic - the result of spastic contraction of the intestinal wall. Also, the disease is called catarrhal spasm, colic from hypothermia and nerve colic.
One of the symptoms of intestinal enterralgia - a horse raises his upper lip
Causes of intestinal enteralgia in horses
- The increased reaction of the body to unusual internal and external stimuli.
- A large amount of drunk cold water.
- Eating frozen food.
- Pasture on the grass, which is covered with hoarfrost.
- Catarrh of the intestines and stomach.
Symptoms of intestinal enteralgia in horses
- The beginning of intestinal enteralgia is 1 to 3 hours after feeding.
- Spasms are short-lived, they are replaced by periods of rest. In the intervals between spasms, peristalsis is usually enhanced. Each period of colic lasts 3 to 15 minutes, during breaks the horse can even take goodies.
- The horse looks back at his stomach.
- The animal raises its upper lip.
- Trying to lie on the ground to lie.
- The horse gnaws the plaster or licks the walls.
- Temperature, breathing, and heart rate are often normal, especially during breaks between bouts of colic.
- The results of rectal examinations are usually negative, in some cases a slight bloating is detected.
- Signs of intoxication are possible.
- Sometimes - loud, increased peristalsis.
- Frequent bowel movements can be observed, and feces are loose, they have undigested feed particles. Diarrhea is possible.
- Perhaps moderate bloating.
Another symptom - the horse lies down and tries to roll
Diagnosis of intestinal enterralgia in horses
Clinical symptoms exclude flatulence of the intestines and expansion of the stomach.
Probing and rectal examinations are performed - they give a negative result.
The intestinal enteralgia in horses differs from blockages, inversion and infringement on the absence of a severe course of the disease.
The course and prognosis of intestinal enteralgia in horses
Intestinal enteralgia, accompanied by colic, can last a short time (mild cases) or more than 6 hours (severe cases).
Sometimes the disease is complicated by general or local flatulence or inversion of the intestines.
As a rule, the horse recovers. However, if the case is very severe or complications have developed, a fatal outcome is possible.
Treatment of intestinal enteralgia in horses
If you notice colic symptoms, contact your veterinarian as soon as possible and follow his recommendations.
If possible, put the horse in a warm room and eliminate the causes of the pain. You can give warm water (as much as the horse drinks) and rub your stomach.
Novocaine is administered intravenously (0.25% or 0.55% solution, based on, respectively, 1 or 0.5 mg per 1 kg of horse weight).
You can enter atropine sulfate 0.1% or a solution of dipyrone (10% - 30 - 50 ml).
If intestinal enteralgia is of a catarrhal origin, laxative preparations in small doses, enveloping agents (for example, flaxseed decoction) or antibiotics can be prescribed.
Prevention of intestinal enterralgia in horses
- Do not take chances. Do not allow overcooling of a hot horse, do not give frozen food or very cold water.
- Timely carry out dehelmentation.